Why your PC is slow and how to Speed it Up

Today we are going to talk about some of the most popular misconceptions about a slow PC. If your computer is slow, welcome, you’re in the right place, and you’ll be helped!

After detailing these received ideas, we will see how to really accelerate our PC.

Why is a PC slow? What you need to know before anything else

A PC is slow because it has undergone changes (voluntary or not) hardware or software that made it become so.

Here is first 6 received ideas about the fact that a computer is slow.

The received ideas on the fact that a PC train are in particular due to these three facts:

Antivirus and cleaning software, to stand out from the competition, seek the least problems to offer a more complete product than existing ones. While these problems are sometimes not really. On the contrary, permanently looking in the background for futile problems can slow down the machine.
The popular belief that the number of items appearing on the screen (such as the icons on the desktop) means that the computer has to work with and can no longer handle everything from a certain threshold.
Popular beliefs that a slow computer is necessarily a sign of infection.

Myth 1: If I have a lot of open tabs, my connection will be slower

Browsers manage tabs well.

For example, when opening the browser, if multiple tabs are present, they only load when clicked. The load of the connection does not change before a click.

If you have a lot of tabs open, but if the Internet pages are fixed, that is to say, if there are no constant refreshments of elements, the load is still not more important. times the page loaded.

Of course, having many tabs consumes more RAM and impacts the CPU (which does not change the connection speed). In addition, a large number of tabs can make the use less pleasant when you get lost with 40 tabs. I know what I mean !

Myth 2: If I have a lot of files on the computer, it will be slower

Whether the desktop is full of icons, or empty, the computer does not feel the difference. To be more precise, and schematically, say that between 1ms and 2ms you do not feel any difference because you do not have time to feel the extra millisecond.

The problem would be if the hard disk was full, but for that, warnings from the operating system would be displayed well before.

Myth 3: If my computer is rowing, it’s filled with viruses

There are many different reasons that lead to a slow computer. This can come from a virus, but this is not always the case. In fact, the malware owner will try to make his program as unobtrusive as possible so that he is not spotted.

I have to put this point into the misconception that malware is almost always blamed, although there are other equally likely reasons, if not more so.

We will see other reasons that can make your PC slow in the rest of the article.

Myth 4: Deleting cookies, temporary files and cache speeds up my PC

In fact, cookies, temporary files and cache are once again created to go faster.

As cookies are files stored on your computer, I refer you to the second point, the same for temporary files.

Cookies allow you to remember your preferences so you do not have to retype them every time you visit a site (usernames, shopping cart … etc). These are usually very small files since they only contain a few words.

The cache saves images, page styles and more to greatly improve the browsing speed for sites that are often visited. Instead of taking 2 seconds to reload an image over the network from the server, the cache reuses it from your computer in much less time.

The cache can be corrupted, but it is more of a mistake than a connection problem. In this case, it is good to empty it.

Temporary files also act as a cache. The only problem with temporary files is that Windows has to iterate between all the files.

Note that after a long time, emptying temporary files can be used to reset the list, which can potentially speed up your computer.

 

Myth 5: Clean up the registry speeds up the computer
Cleaning software often finds you 3000 errors in the registry. These errors are in fact what are known as orphaned registry keys. The registry consists of many configurations related to the applications you use. These same configurations are stored as values in registry keys.

Over time, programs create registry keys that refer to files on your disk. When the files in question are deleted, either by uninstalling the concerned program, or by yourself, the keys refer to empty slots. “Register errors” are thus reported.

These orphaned keys do not pose big performance problems.

On the other hand are the holes in the registry (especially due to deletions of these keys) that make access slower.

The ideal would be to “compact” or “defragment” the registry to fill these holes and ensure faster access.

That said, even with these optimizations, the performance gain remains very low and probably impossible to feel.

Myth 6: Delete the Prefetch folder speeds up the computer
Some “cleaning” software or some people on forums suggest you delete the “Pref tech” folder.

In fact, deleting files from the Pref etch folder can slow down the PC instead of making it faster.

Every time the computer starts, Windows records how the computer starts and the often open files and programs.

This information is stored in small files in the Pref etch folder. Windows uses them to help speed up startup.

This same folder is self-managed: files are automatically deleted when they are too many.

Deleting these files manually will therefore slow down Windows (a little bit) which will have to save the information in these files again.

 

The received ideas that we have just seen have a Placebo effect rather than a real action on your computer.

So why is your computer slow?

Your computer is slow for the following reasons that I will then detail one by one:

Unwanted Extensions Load Advertising Content When Surfing the Internet
Several people are connected to the same access point
You have a bad Wifi signal
The problem is on the side of the server (site)
One or more programs are very greedy in memory
You have too many programs
Your PC is dusty
Your data is fragmented
Your software is not up-to-date
The case of Rogues software
Performance issues
And finally, the malicious programs

1. Unwanted Extensions Load Massive Advertising Content When Surfing the Internet
We’ve already talked about it here, it’s about extensions that dynamically modify the content of web pages. Typically, you plan to install an extension to “download videos in mp3” while at the same time the search results are modified on the fly to include advertisements. These same ads that must be loaded with obvious consequences on the connection speed.

How to fix the problem:

Observe the installed extensions and remove the ones that are not useful or unwanted. Or directly reset the browser.

1. Unwanted Extensions Load Massive Advertising Content When Surfing the Internet
We’ve already talked about it here, it’s about extensions that dynamically modify the content of web pages. Typically, you plan to install an extension to “download videos in mp3” while at the same time the search results are modified on the fly to include advertisements. These same ads that must be loaded with obvious consequences on the connection speed.

How to fix the problem:

Observe the installed extensions and remove the ones that are not useful or unwanted. Or directly reset the browser.
2. Several people connected to the same access point
The different devices connected to an Internet access point share the bandwidth. If a LAN user downloads a large file, it takes a large part of the bandwidth and your connection is slowed down.

How to fix the problem:

Difficult to settle except to talk with the people concerned to establish a fair sharing. There is also a software called inSSIDer to modify the Wi-Fi channel when it is saturated in your neighborhood.

3. Bad Wi-Fi signal
It is not only the distance that comes into play, but also the obstacles that block the signal. In particular what is at the base of liquid (radiators) or which generates waves (microwaves).

How to fix the problem:

Try to place the modem in the center of the house, away from obstructions blocking the signal. And try to stay closer to the modem when you connect to Wi-Fi to it.
4. The problem is on the server side
A slow site does not necessarily mean that your connection is slow. Sometimes it is the remote server that is overloaded and struggling to respond. To find out if the problem is remote just try other sites to see if loading and faster or not.

How to fix the problem:

Wait for the server to be less loaded by connecting later.

5. Gourmet programs in general
Any program (benevolent or not) can use a lot of resources (memory or processor). Like bandwidth shared between computers on the local network, memory and CPU resources are also shared between programs. And if your RAM is full because of a program too greedy, the computer will be slowed down.

How to fix the problem:

You can open the task manager (CTRL + SHIFT + ESC) and directly observe the Performance tab which tells you the level of use of your memory (but also your processor and your disk). If the memory is almost full, you can identify the overly greedy process via the Processes tab.

 

6. Too many programs at startup
Programs started at startup directly affect the boot speed of Windows. The difference can be of the order of several minutes. Moreover, there are more difficult cases to identify that also affect the boot, but rather appear as software or hardware bugs.

How to fix the problem:

To see the programs started when you start your computer, you can launch the Task Manager (by pressing CTRL + SHIFT + ESC simultaneously) and then go to the “Start” tab. I recommend the following article by Mark Russinovich that typically shows how to solve a slow boot problem due to a network problem.
7. dusty PC
Dust in the fans blocks vital airflow during computer cooling. If the system overheats, it automatically inhibits its performance to generate less heat.

How to fix the problem:

If the PC can be disassembled, you can do it without the help of an expert. You can blow (or rather suck) the dust inside the computer. Be careful not to damage the components or you may have a bonus in PC that no longer works.

 

8. Fragmented data
Fragmented data, that is, scattered everywhere on the disk, requires additional time to be processed. Recent versions of Windows automatically defragment disks.

How to fix the problem:

This problem is usually automatically fixed, otherwise here are additional details to proceed manually.

 

9. Drivers (drivers) that are not up-to-date
Although this is an exception, driver problems can lead to unexpected errors and delays. These errors are not necessarily related to updates, but may be due to software conflicts. To detect them, you can open the device manager (type “devmgmt.msc” in the search bar of the start menu).

How to fix the problem:

If you see small warning icons next to a device, it means it is not working properly. It is advisable to stop or update it.

10. Rogues software

Rogues software is fake programs that make you believe that your computer is full of viruses and other problems that they suggest you fix. While in fact it is these software themselves that take resources to look for non-existent problems.

How to fix the problem:

Become aware of scams that target us every day and keep only programs known for their usefulness.

 

11. Performance problem
If there are no other solutions, it may be that the computer is running out of performance (too little RAM, too little processor power, etc.). And to be honest, it’s one of the most common problems!

How to fix the problem:

For this it is possible to change a component like the graphics card or RAM. Otherwise it is good to change the computer, and in fact it is good to renew it every 5 to 10 years.

 

12. Malicious programs
This is a point we have seen in good faith. I said that the track of the “virus” is often the first highlight, but there are many others as we come to see. However, it still happens that malicious programs slow down the computer. But let’s be more precise. We have seen, for example, that programs that start at the start of the computer impact the boot speed. This point applies especially to malicious programs that often start when the computer starts.

Others can massively use the network (to send data remotely, or to receive commands) which can potentially slow down your connection.

How to fix the problem:

Protecting your computer is based on many things that need to be brought together. The ideal is to start with the classic scan of the antivirus. Then it is interesting to ensure (using third-party programs or manually) that the PC is healthy and that the antivirus has not forgotten anything. And finally, the awareness works great, know the attacks and therefore the defenses will always be better than any antivirus in the world.

 

We take action!
In the hope that this article has been useful to you, you will now find many more details as well as the complete step-by-step method to clean your PC. I suggest you read the guide now at the following address:

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